Are police uniforms intimidating
Over the next 50 or so years, police departments of the pre-World-War-I era pivoted toward public services to their local communities. police departments moved towards militarization in an attempt to transform the police into an effective and corruption-free workforce.Hyperlocal relationships grew up between police departments, citizens and politicians, The antidote, many felt, was professionalization. As Herzog wrote in a 2001 article in According to the newly defined "professional" police goals, law enforcement became the exclusive and main specialization area of the police, to be formulated in terms of the intentionally quasi-military metaphor, "war against crime" (rather than a campaign or a struggle against it) by aggressive military means.Eighteen months into the blazer trial, officers discovered, assaults on police officers began to rise steadily, until they were double the amount of the year before.
, it turned out, cut down on crime, as murder, rape, and robbery rates steadily rose throughout the 1960s and 70s.A number of departments have tended towards all-black uniforms, for instance.by criminologist Ernest Nickels asked 150 undergraduate students to evaluate police officers based on their uniform colors."Take the glasses off, make eye contact, make sure they know you’re a human being," he told his force. In 1969, Menlo Park, California, police traded in their navy blue uniforms for forest green blazers worn over black slacks, white shirts and ties.In Madison in the mid-1970s, while patrolling a crowded event that had become violent in the previous year, Couper's officers went without their hats, walked by themselves rather than in large groups, and were instructed to greet every four or so pedestrians. After wearing the new uniforms for 18 months, the officers exhibited fewer "authoritarian characteristics" on psychological tests, criminologist Richard Johnson wrote in a 2012 .